1963    Master of Arts in Painting, University of California, Berkeley, California

            Studied with Felix Ruvolo, Glenn Wessels, Karl Kasten, John Haley, Earle Loran, Visiting                        artists, Michael Goldberg and Angelo Ippolito

1961    Studied with Nathan Oliveira at California College of Arts and Crafts, Oakland, CA

1960    Studied with Richard Diebenkorn, Elmer Bischoff and Frank Lobdell at The San Francisco Art                Institute (formerly the The California School of Fine Arts,) San Francisco, CA

1959   Bachelor of Science in Art Education, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio

           Studied with Dr. Manuel Barkan